The name Nile comes from the Greek “neilos”, which means valley. The mighty river Nile – it was by the banks of that river that one of the oldest civilizations in the world began, the ancient Egyptians lived and farmed along the Nile and sailed on it. The Nile is the longest river in the world (6,695 kilometers long). The source of the river is Lake Victoria, Africa’s biggest lake. However, there is not one Nile, but two – the White Nile, which originates at Lake Victoria and the Blue Nile, which originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. Both rivers meet in Sudan and then go on their journey towards the sea. The river for centuries provided water, food, transportation and soil for growing food. The Ancient Egyptians cultivated and traded wheat, flax, papyrus and other crops., they also made boats from the reeds growing on its embankments. The river has long been used to transport goods along its length. The felucca has been over the centuries, the primary transportation of the Nile. Its ancient form still graces the river. Motorised barges re used to transport all kind of materials and modern cruise ships transport tourists visiting this enchanting country.