On any trip to Egypt, one should explore the simple and natural life of the very kind and hospitable Nubian people. Trips to the villages are organised by many travel companies. Some of the villages, like for example Siou and Koti are beautifully situated amid palm groves. Many of the houses are painted vivid blue or yellow. Some of them are decorated with hajj scenes. In most of these places it’s hard to find anything from the western style of life, just some souvenirs for tourists and perhaps an inn selling tea and basic food. Nubian villages can be found north of Aswan on the west bank of the Nile and on Elephantine Island. In the past, Ancient Egypt conquered Nubian territory many times and incorporated parts of the area into its provinces. The modern inhabitants of southern Egypt and Sudan still refer to themselves as Nubians. They speak the Nubian language as well as Arabic. In the 1960’s, a dam was constructed at Aswan and a massive lake permanently flooded ancient temples and hundreds of villages in Nubia.