Kaunas, also known as Kovno is the second largest city in Lithuania. It is located at the confluence of the two largest Lithuanian rivers, the Nemunas and the Neris. Much of Old Town still needs renovating, it’s well worth a visit. There are also some fine examples of 20s and 30s Functionalist architecture and some quite unique museums. In the 14th century, a stone castle was built at the confluence of the two rivers. It was the first stone city castle, an important defence structure. The Town Hall, called the White Swan was constructed in 1542. The building encompasses Gothic, Baroque and early Classicism elements. The imposing church, St. Francis Xavier and Jesuit’s Monastery were constructed in late Baroque style in the early 18th century.