Göreme is located among the “fairy chimney” rock formations of Cappadocia, a historical region of Turkey. In this most unusual landscape, formed over the thousands of years by erosion, the Göreme valley and its surroundings contain rock curved sanctuaries. Many of them are a great example of Byzantine art in the post-Iconoclastic period. Most of the traditional dwellings, troglodyte villages and underground towns are dated to the 4th century. The vast Goreme Open-Air Museum contains also a monastic complex composed with many monasteries and churches.