Fez is a northeastern Moroccan city and is primarily known for its Fes El Bali walled medina, with medieval architecture, vibrant souks and old-world atmosphere. The medina is home to religious schools such as the 14th-century Bou Inania and Al Attarine, both featuring elaborate cedar carvings and ornate tile work. Although the political capital of Morocco was transferred to Rabat in 1912, Fez has retained its status as the country’s cultural and spiritual centre. It is the oldest and most original of the four royal cities. The old medina was never restored, so its original form was preserved to this very day. Essaouira on the other hand is a port city and resort on Morocco’s Atlantic coast. With its harbour charming restaurants, unspoilt sands and wonderfully relaxed pace of life, the place is a breath of fresh air. Its medina protected by 18th-century seafront ramparts with old brass cannons lining the walls, is called the Skala de la Kasbah. Strong “Alizée” trade winds make the city’s beach popular for surfing, windsurfing and kitesurfing.