Spain’s Alhambra palace has inspired travellers for centuries, it is really a palatial city defended by a magnificent network of walls and towers. The name Alhambra comes from Arabic, meaning “crimson castle”. The fortress had existed here since the 9th century. The construction of the palaces called “The Old Royal” dates back to the 14th century. Two great kings contributed to this amazing palace: Yusuf I and Muhammed V. After it was conquered by catholic monarch Ferdinand, the Alhambra became a Christian court in 1492. During the 18th century and part of the 19th, the Alhambra fell into neglect but in 1870 the Alhambra was declared a national monument. The palaces are made up of three distinct parts, The Mexuar, The Comares Palace and The Palace of the Lions. All of them are famous for their stunning Arab architecture and exquisite attention to detail in the decoration.