Istanbul is a major city in Turkey that straddles Europe and Asia across the Bosphorus Strait. Its Old City reflects cultural influences of the many empires that once ruled here. The mosques, bazaars, and Turkish baths of Istanbul can keep anyone happily occupied for days. Antalya is a Turkish resort city with a yacht-filled Old Harbour and beaches flanked by large hotels. It’s a gateway to Turkey’s southern Mediterranean region, known as the Turquoise Coast for its blue waters. Ankara, Turkey’s cosmopolitan capital, sits in the country’s central Anatolia region. It’s a centre for the performing arts, home to the State Opera and Ballet, the Presidential Symphony Orchestra and several national theatre companies. Overlooking the city is Anitkabir, the enormous hilltop mausoleum of Kemal Atatürk, modern Turkey’s first president, who declared Ankara the capital in 1923.