Petra and Wadi Rum

DSC 6198

Petra is a famous archaeological site in Jordan’s southwestern desert. Petra was an important crossroads between Arabia, Egypt and Syria-Phoenicia. The city was half-built, half-carved into the rock. Dating to around 300 B.C., it was the capital of the Nabatean Kingdom, surrounded by mountains riddled with passages and gorges. It is ccessed via a narrow canyon called Al Siq and it contains tombs and temples carved into pink sandstone cliffs, (hence the nickname, the ‘Rose City’). The most famous structure here is 45m-high Al Khazneh, a temple with an ornate, Greek-style facade, and known as The Treasury. Little Petra nearby is also known as Siq al-Barid. Like Petra, it is a Nabataean site, with buildings carved into the walls of the sandstone canyons. Wadi Rum desert, known also as the Valley of the Moon, is a valley cut into the sandstone and granite rock. Wadi Rum, one of the world’s most beautiful deserts is a protected area covering 720 square kilometres of dramatic desert wilderness.