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Luxor is the city in the Upper Egypt and is has frequently been characterized as the world’s greatest open air museum as  the temple of Karnak and Luxor is situated there.  It was the capital of Egypt from the 12th dynasty (1991 BC) and reached its zenith during the New Kingdom. It was from here that Thutmose III planned his campaigns, Akenaten  first contemplated the nature of god and Rameses II set out his ambitious building program. The vast temple complex is situated on the east bank of the Nile River. The temple has, since its inception, always been a  sacred site. After Egypt’s pagan period, a Christian church was located here, and after that, a mosque.  Known in the New Kingdom period as Ipt-Rsy (meaning the southern shrine), no daubt, that this temple is among the most beautiful Temples in Egypt.