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Edfu is an ancient Egyptian temple located on the west bank of the river Nile. Temple of Horus dedicated to Horus, the falcon headed god, it was built during the reigns of six Ptolemies. It is considered to be one of the most beautiful and best preserved preserved Temples in Egypt.  The state of the temples high preservation is due in part, to the fact that it was almost completely covered with sand with only the top of the entry pylon still visible. The pronaos is a hypostyle hall of eighteen columns with composite capitals. The temple was originally painted in bright colours like the cult temples of earlier times. A mound of rubble to the west of the Temple which is probably the original old city of Djeba.  The town was known as Tbot by the early Egyptians, by the Greeks as Apollinopolis Magna and by Atbo during Coptic times.